Ethnic group. Closely related to the Adyghe, Kabardins or Kabards are the easternmost and the largest subgroup of the Circassian people, which also includes the Adyghe, Cherkess, Abazins, and Abkhaz. They speak a language from the Northwest Caucasian family which also includes Adyghe. The Kabardins number more than 500,000 and are the titular majority in the Republic of Kabardino-Balkariya, which they share with the Turkic Balkars. Historically, the Kabardins have been the most pro-Russian of the Caucasian mountaineers. Unlike their western Circassian counterparts, their feudal elite were co-opted by tsarist Russia. Most Kabardins are Sunni Muslims, converting to Islam from Christianity under Ottoman influence; however, their identification with Islam remains comparatively low, even by Caucasian standards. Some noble families converted to Russian Orthodoxy after the Romanov conquest and still retain their Christian faith. Tsarist and Soviet policies of favoritism toward the Kabardins color interethnic relations in the republic, especially given the Stalin-era deportation of the Balkars. Economically and politically, the Kabardins are the dominant force in post-Soviet Kabardino-Balkariya. Unlike the Balkars, the Kabardins possess a well-developed sense of national identity that is reinforced by traditional codes of loyalty and social hierarchy; as such, they are not generally attracted to pan-Islamic ideals. However, this has not prevented some Kabardins from joining Islamist terrorist groups like Yarmuk.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Circassian nationalism — Circassia. Alexander Keith Johnston, 1861 Circassian nationalism[1] is the desire among Circassians to establish (or rather, revive) an …   Wikipedia

  • History of Chechnya — The History of Chechnya refers to the history of Chechens, Chechnya, and the land of Ichkeria. Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called taips. The traditional Chechen saying goes that the members …   Wikipedia

  • Yarmuk Jamaat — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Yarmuk Jamaat caption= dates= 2002 Present allegiance= type= Infantry size= battles= Second Chechen War commander1= Muslim AtayevKIA Anzor Astemirov commander1 label= Commanders Yarmuk Jamaat is a militant… …   Wikipedia

  • North Caucasian peoples — is a term used to describe a peoples speaking North Caucasian languages.PeoplesNorth Caucasian peoples are: *Northwest Caucasian peoples: **Abkhazians **Abazins **Adyghe **Cherkess **Kabardins **Ubykh *Nakh peoples: **Bats **Kists **Chechens… …   Wikipedia

  • Kabardie — La Kabardie (Кабарда en russe, Къэбэрдей en tcherkesse), autrefois Tcherkessie de Piatigorsk est une région historique caucasienne en fédération de Russie. Elle doit son nom au peuple des Kabardes ou Kabardins, proches des Adyguéens. Cette région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Balkars —    Ethnic group. The Balkars are a Turkic ethnic group of some 108,000 inhabiting the North Caucasus. They are sometimes referred to as Malkars, though many self identify as Taulu (“mountaineers” in Karachay Balkar). They are one of two titular… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Kabardino-Balkariya —    An ethnic republic of the Russian Federation. Initially part of the Mountain Peoples’ Autonomous Republic of Soviet Russia, the region was organized into the KabardinBalkar Autonomous Oblast in the early 1920s, becoming an Autonomous Soviet… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Caucasus — The Caucasus ( also referred to as North Caucasus ) is a geopolitical region located between Europe, Asia Middle East. It is one of the most linguistically and culturally diverse regions on Earth, home to Europe s highest mountains ( Mount Elbrus …   Wikipedia

  • South Ossetia — Republic of South Ossetia Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон / Respublikæ Xussar Iryston (Ossetic) სამხრეთი ოსეთი / Samkhret Oseti (Georgian) Республика Южная Осетия / Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Chechen people — Chechens (Noxçiy) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.